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The Hoopoe is somewhat smaller in size than a pigeon, and has pale, yellow-brown feathers. The tail is touched with black and white, and it also has a large crest of black and white on the top of its head. King Solomon is connected with an affair concerning the crest of a Hoopoe. It seemed that he wished to have an important message delivered and he had called upon all the birds of the air to come to his assistance. The Hoopoe was the first bird to come to the King and to take the message and deliver it safely. In return for its service, the King decreed that all Hoopoes from that time on should wear crowns.
Hoopoe is common name for Upupa epops. Hoopoes measure from 27 to 30 cm (10 1/2 - 12 in.) bill to tail. They are primarily ground feeders and use their long, slender and slightly curved bills to probe for large insects, worms, and lizards. Less frequently, the hoopoe feeds while airborne, exhibiting its characteristic undulating erratic flight. Hoopoes are excellent runners. Hoopoes frequent warm, dry areas, which are at least partially open. The nest is built in a tree cavity or a rock crevice, sometimes lined with debris, or sometimes left bare. The female lays and incubates from four to six pale blue to olive coloured eggs per clutch and is fed during incubation by her mate. Both sexes care for the naked, helpless young.
The hoopoe is know in
Polish as Dudek, in German as Wiedehopf, in French as Huppe, in Dutch as Hop, in Italian as Upupa, and in Portuguese as Poupa ".
Another nice story about the hoopoe and King Salomon.
Why the Hoopoe has a Crest
Once each month Solomon rode upon his White Eagle to the secret pleasure palace he had built for himself in the wilderness of Palmyra. One day as he rode upon the wings of the giant bird, the sun beat down upon him so intensely that he thought he would die. Suddenly a flock of Hoopoes flew by, and seeing the kings distress, gathered together, wingtip to wingtip, so that they formed a sheltering canopy over the king.
In gratitude for their kindness, Solomon summoned the King of the Hoopoes and said to him, "Ask me whatever you wish and I shall grant it to you."
For a day and a night the Hoopoes considered Solomon's offer. The next day, their king appeared before Solomon and said, "Here is our wish, my lord: May we be given golden crowns to wear upon our heads?"
Solomon laughed, "Your wish is granted! But know my friend that it is a foolish thing that you have asked for. It will lead you straight into the hunter's snare. But when such evil overtakes you, return to me and I will remember your kindness and help you again."
The King of the Hoopoes left Solomon's palace with a golden crown upon his head. Soon all of the Hoopoes sported golden crowns, as Solomon had promised. And their pride swelled and so did their vanity, so that they hardly deigned to speak any more to the other birds. At every stream and river and the shore of the sea, the Hoopoes gazed for hours into the water to admire their beautiful new crowns.
Then one day a hunter saw a Hoopoe with its golden crown and wished to catch it. So he set a trap and placed a mirror inside it. And the Hoopoe flew into the trap to admire itself in the mirror and was caught. Then the hunter wrung the bird's neck and brought the crown to a brass smelter.
The cunning smelter saw that the crown was made not of brass but of gold, but he lied to the hunter and said it was only made of brass. He gave the hunter a few small coins and told him that he would buy any more crowns the hunter brought him.
But the next time the hunter trapped a Hoopoe, he met a goldsmith on
his way to town. When the goldsmith saw the crown in the hunter's hand, he
told him that it was made of gold. He paid the hunter handsomely for the
crown and asked for more.
When word of this began to spread, people abandoned their shops and fields and began hunting Hoopoes for the golden crowns. Soon the sounds of whizzing arrows and clanging traps rang through the forests and hills. The Hoopoes became fewer and fewer in number until only a handful remained.
Then the King of the Hoopoes came to King Solomon with a heavy heart and said, "How right you were, my lord king, to call our wish for golden crowns foolish! Now our own vanity has brought evil down upon our heads. Please help us before we are all dead!"
Solomon replied, "Indeed you have brought this trouble upon yourselves but because you were once so kind to me, I will help you again. No longer shall gold crowns adorn your heads, but instead you shall wear a simple crest of feathers. Thus your beauty will no longer entrap you."
From then on all the Hoopoes wore crests of feathers upon their head. Without their gold crowns, hunters no longer pursued them, and they increased in number. Throughout the land they lived in peace and no one made them afraid.